humanespot.org humanespot.org humanespot.org
 
 

To Eat or Not to Eat Red Meat. A Closer Look at the Relationship Between Restrained Eating and Vegetarianism in College Females

 
| | | | | |
by ()
More Information...

Short Description:
This study investigates the claim that vegetarianism is utilized to mask eating disordered behaviors. The researchers surveyed women in college who were vegetarians, pesco-vegetarians, flexitarians, red meat avoiders, and omnivores. They found that, while avoiding red meat and flexitarian diets were related to concerns over diet, vegetarianism and pesco-vegetarianism were more likely to be related to ethical concerns.

Abstract:
Article Abstract:

"Previous research has suggested that vegetarianism may serve as a mask for restrained eating. The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of vegetarians (n = 55), pesco-vegetarians (n = 28), semi-vegetarians (n = 29), and flexitarians (n = 37), to omnivores (n = 91), who do not restrict animal products from their diets. A convenience sample of college-age females completed questionnaires about their eating habits, food choice motivations, and personality characteristics."

"Results indicated that while vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians were more open to new experiences and less food neophobic, they were not more restrained than omnivores. Rather semi-vegetarians; those who restricted only red meat from their diet, and flexitarians; those who occasionally eat red meat, were significantly more restrained than omnivores. Whereas food choices of semi-vegetarians and flexitarians were motivated by weight control, vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians’ food choices were motivated by ethical concerns. By focusing specifically on semi-vegetarian and flexitarian subgroups, more effective approaches can be developed to ensure that their concerns about weight loss do not lead to unhealthful or disordered eating patterns."

Spot Check Number: 1997
Sponsor: College of William & Mary
Researcher/Author: Catherine A. Forestell, Andrea M. Spaeth, Stephanie A. Kane
Research Method: Print Survey
Geographic Region: United States National
Number of Participants: 240
Population Descriptors: Vegetarians, College students, Women, pesco-vegetarians, semi-vegetarians, omnivores, flexitarians
Year Conducted: 2012
File Attachments: You must be logged in to access attachments (see login and registration links above)

Looking for full text articles?

If the full text of an article is not available, click here for other options.


How do we select database articles?

Want to know how we choose the articles that we share? Click to read about our process.


PLEASE SUPPORT NONPROFIT RESEARCH FOR ANIMALS

Did you find this research helpful in your work for animals? If so, please consider a donation to the Humane Research Council to help us with the costs of maintaining, expanding, and improving HumaneSpot.org.