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The Role of Veterinarians in Equestrian Sport: A Comparative Review of Ethical Issues Surrounding Human and Equine Sports Medici

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Veterinarians who treat horses used in sports face a conflict of interest when it comes to giving consideration to the desires of those who want to keep the horses in competition and safeguarding the welfare of the horses themselves. This article explores this ethical dilemma by drawing on the existing literature on human sports medicine. The author also provides recommendations to help address this conflict in equine sports medicine going forward.



Socio-Ecological Factors Correlate with Levels of Stereotypic Behaviour in Zoo-Housed Primates

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Primates housed in zoos are prone to stereotypic behaviors such as pacing and hair-pulling, which can arise when their ability to engage in natural behaviors is restricted. This article examines how 24 different species of primates are impacted by the captive conditions of zoos. The findings indicate that large-group and wide-ranging primates are more likely to experience distress in captivity. The results also showed that 75% of the species under study engaged in hair-pulling and 50% engaged in pacing.

An Evaluation of Exercise Pen Use by Circus Tigers (Pathera tigris tigris)

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In this study circus tigers were given access to an exercise pen while on tour in California and their behavior observed. Not surprisingly, these big cats made use of the pen, particularly during the day. Also not surprisingly however is that access to the pen did not eliminate their stereotypic pacing and the tigers spent over half their time in the pen lying down.



Specific Image Characteristics Influence Attitudes about Chimpanzee Conservation and Use as Pets

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This study examined how attitudes towards chimpanzees varied based on the type of characteristics present in images of this great ape. Survey respondents were less likely to perceive wild chimpanzee populations as endangered when presented with an image of a chimpanzee alongside a human or an image of a chimpanzee in a human setting. Human presence also increased the chances that chimpanzees would be perceived as suitable companion animals, whereas images of a chimpanzee in a zoo-like setting were less likely than other settings to result in them being considered appealing companions. Advocates may find this study useful in understanding how inaccurate characterizations of chimpanzees can influence public perceptions.

2011 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation: National Overview

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The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation has been conducted every five years and provides data on the number of participants involved in each activity. The full report contains data on: number of anglers, hunters, and wildlife-watching participants, by type of activity, trips and days spent on different types of activities, expenditures (trip, equipment, etc.), by type of fishing and hunting and wildlife-watching activity, number of persons and days of participation by animal sought, demographic characteristics of participants (including age, income, sex, race, and education).


2012 Canadian Animal Protection Laws Rankings

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This report provides a detailed listing of animal protection laws in each Canadian jurisdiction. The laws are evaluated and scored so that the strength of animal protection laws can be compared across jurisdictions. Manitoba, British Columbia, Ontario, and Nova Scotia ranked in the top tier while Prince Edward Island, Northwest Territories, Quebec, and Nunavut ranked in the lowest tier.



Signs of Generalized Anxiety and Compulsive Disorders in Chimpanzees

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This study examines the presence of mood and anxiety diorders in chimpanzees. Measures of anxiety and mood disorders developed to assess humans were used to evaluate chimpanzees. Existing case reports of traumatized chimpanzees and chimpanzees living in sanctuaries were examined. The researchers found a much higher prevalence of anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders in chimpanzees living in sanctuaries (18% and 19%, respectively) compared to no evidence of such disorders among chimpanzees living in their natural habitat.

The Assessment of Animal Welfare in British Zoos by Government-Appointed Inspectors

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This study is the first to evaluate the effectiveness of annual zoo inspections in Britain that check on compliance with the Zoo Licensing Act 1981. The study found that the inspections were inadequate to meet the needs of effectively evaluating animal welfare as one-tenth of the inspections did not fulfill the legal requirements for such inspections and inspectors’ notes did not accurately describe how welfare was assessed. Further, the inspections were brief, never lasting more than a day and sometimes having more than one zoo assessed by the same inspector in a single day. Overall, 24% of zoos inspected did not comply with all necessary standards.

Poll Reveals Americans Oppose Keeping Orcas in Captivity

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A survey conducted for the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society has identified that many US adults are opposed to keeping orcas in captivity for display purposes. Most people said they would still continue to visit zoos and marine parks even if they were to stop keeping captive orcas.



Animal Mistreatment Deters Brits from Holiday Spots

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Over half of British tourists say witnessing an animal being mistreated while vacationing abroad would stop them returning to that country again. However, most people who had witnessed an incident of animal abuse while abroad did not report it. The Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad (SPANA) has released an ethical animal tourism guide, and advises tourists to do their research before engaging in animal-related activities in a foreign country.


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