Animal Aid maintains an online database cataloguing the deaths of racehorses on British racetracks. This report summarizes the statistics for fatalities in 2012, during which 143 horses were reported to have died. As the database only catalogues officially confirmed deaths, Animal Aid estimates that around 50 deaths will be missing each year from the database, due to concealment by the racing industry. National Hunt racing (jumping of hurdles or fences, or certain flat races) accounted for 70% of the deaths, with approximately one horse death every 5 race meetings.
Individual and Environmental Factors Associated with Stereotypic Behavior and Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolite Levels in Zoo HousSubmitted on Sep 05, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Entertainment Animals | General Animal Protection
In this article, repetitive pacing behavior among zoo-housed polar bears is explored. Data was collected from 55 polar bears in 20 North American zoos over a one-year period. The authors found polar bears to be particularly susceptible to stereotypic pacing in zoos, which they linked to stress. Variables that led to less pacing included enrichment, number of bears in a group, and the provision of a view out of the exhibit.
Environmental Enrichment and Cognitive Complexity in Reptiles and Amphibians: Concepts, Review, and Implications for Captive PopSubmitted on Sep 03, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Entertainment Animals | General Animal Protection | Wildlife and Exotics
The cognitive, emotional, and social world of amphibians and reptiles has received little attention, especially in comparison to that given to mammals and birds. This article offers a review of information on the behavioral complexity of amphibians and reptiles and the implications this has for their life in captivity.
This report summarizes results from Year 6 of the Animal Tracker annual survey of U.S. adults regarding attitudes and behavior toward animals. The first survey (Year 1, 2008) included 16 questions; a subset of five of these questions was repeated in Year 3 (2010) and again in the current year (Year 6, 2013). In summary, the most recent survey finds that, while there is limited knowledge of animals other than companions, most people believe it is important to protect all animals. The perceived impact of animal advocates is modest, but most people hold favorable attitudes toward animal protection and support advocacy goals.
Horses used for entertainment are routinely put in harm’s way, especially during rodeos. This paper explores media accounts of the use of horses in the annual Calgary Stampede (a large-scale Canadian rodeo that has come under fire for animal welfare concerns). The article reviews the arguments presented for and against putting horses in danger during the Stampede, particularly in the chuckwagon races.
The Role of Veterinarians in Equestrian Sport: A Comparative Review of Ethical Issues Surrounding Human and Equine Sports MediciSubmitted on Jun 18, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Entertainment Animals | General Animal Protection
Veterinarians who treat horses used in sports face a conflict of interest when it comes to giving consideration to the desires of those who want to keep the horses in competition and safeguarding the welfare of the horses themselves. This article explores this ethical dilemma by drawing on the existing literature on human sports medicine. The author also provides recommendations to help address this conflict in equine sports medicine going forward.
Primates housed in zoos are prone to stereotypic behaviors such as pacing and hair-pulling, which can arise when their ability to engage in natural behaviors is restricted. This article examines how 24 different species of primates are impacted by the captive conditions of zoos. The findings indicate that large-group and wide-ranging primates are more likely to experience distress in captivity. The results also showed that 75% of the species under study engaged in hair-pulling and 50% engaged in pacing.
In this study circus tigers were given access to an exercise pen while on tour in California and their behavior observed. Not surprisingly, these big cats made use of the pen, particularly during the day. Also not surprisingly however is that access to the pen did not eliminate their stereotypic pacing and the tigers spent over half their time in the pen lying down.
This study examined how attitudes towards chimpanzees varied based on the type of characteristics present in images of this great ape. Survey respondents were less likely to perceive wild chimpanzee populations as endangered when presented with an image of a chimpanzee alongside a human or an image of a chimpanzee in a human setting. Human presence also increased the chances that chimpanzees would be perceived as suitable companion animals, whereas images of a chimpanzee in a zoo-like setting were less likely than other settings to result in them being considered appealing companions. Advocates may find this study useful in understanding how inaccurate characterizations of chimpanzees can influence public perceptions.
The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation has been conducted every five years and provides data on the number of participants involved in each activity. The full report contains data on: number of anglers, hunters, and wildlife-watching participants, by type of activity, trips and days spent on different types of activities, expenditures (trip, equipment, etc.), by type of fishing and hunting and wildlife-watching activity, number of persons and days of participation by animal sought, demographic characteristics of participants (including age, income, sex, race, and education).
PLEASE SUPPORT NONPROFIT RESEARCH FOR ANIMALS
Did you find this research helpful in your work for animals? If so, please consider a donation to the Humane Research Council to help us with the costs of maintaining, expanding, and improving HumaneSpot.org.