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Wildlife and Exotics

 

A Review of Animal Welfare Implications of the Canadian Commercial Seal Hunt: A Critique

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This piece takes issue with a peer-reviewed journal article that concluded that humane slaughter cannot be properly carried out during the Canadian seal hunt. The authors argue that the article in question presented a biased perspective and relied on video footage that did not meet scientific rigor.





Camouflage-Collar Crime: An Examination of Wildlife Crime and Characteristics of Offenders in Florida

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This study involved a large-scale analysis of thousands of wildlife crimes in Florida in an effort to uncover a categorization scheme for such offenses. The analysis focused on the nature and extent of these crimes as well as on building a demographic profile of the offenders.





Animal Tracker - Year 6

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This report summarizes results from Year 6 of the Animal Tracker annual survey of U.S. adults regarding attitudes and behavior toward animals. The first survey (Year 1, 2008) included 16 questions; a subset of five of these questions was repeated in Year 3 (2010) and again in the current year (Year 6, 2013). In summary, the most recent survey finds that, while there is limited knowledge of animals other than companions, most people believe it is important to protect all animals. The perceived impact of animal advocates is modest, but most people hold favorable attitudes toward animal protection and support advocacy goals.

Parrot Breeding and Keeping: The Impact of Capture and Captivity

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Through a review of the scientific literature, this paper presents a history of captive parrots and explores the impact that captivity has on them as well as the threat to those at risk of capture in the wild. The authors detail the capture, breeding and trade of parrots and the significant welfare concerns that follow, and conclude that these practices are harmful and should be prohibited.





Chimpanzees Use Multiple Strategies to Limit Aggression and Stress During Spatial Density Changes

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Primates in captivity become stressed from a number of factors including the small space they are given to live. While many animals become aggressive in response to restricted living quarters, primates appear to be able to regulate their aggression. This study outlines the types of tactics that zoo-housed chimpanzees employ to limit their aggression when faced with restricted living space.



Low MHC Variation in the Polar Bear: Implications in the Face of Arctic Warming?

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As the climate continues to warm, polar bears are at risk of exposure to a greater variety of pathogens from species that are venturing north. The authors in this study assessed tissue samples from 98 Canadian polar bears to determine their vulnerability to new disease threats associated with a warming planet.





Ingestion of Marine Debris Plastic by the Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna Pacifica in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia

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This article looks at the rate of plastic ingestion by seabirds off the coast of Australia. Specifically, the authors examine the proportion of chicks that were fed plastic by their parents, the average number of fragments consumed, the typical size and weight, and the most common colors. The authors call for further research in response to this preliminary study to explore the impact that marine debris has on seabirds.



Rambling Thoughts on Zoo Animal Collection and Conservation: A Historical Perspective

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In this essay the author, who has spent time as both a zoo keeper and curator, provides a critical look at the (unflattering) history of zoos as well as their current state. The focus of present-day zoos centers around two topics—conservation and animal collections—and in terms of the latter, the author posits that zoos offer a skewed representation of the animal kingdom to the masses.



The Outdoor Cat: Science and Policy from a Global Perspective

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This paper reviews the published work on the threat that cats pose to wildlife in an effort to provide insight into how to address this conflict. The report offers a detailed history of cats as well as information on their predation habits and the resulting impact on wildlife. It also reviews both lethal and nonlethal conflict management practices as well as Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) efforts.



Factors Influencing Consumption of Farmed Seafood Products in the Pacific Northwest

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This article examines attitudes towards farmed fish among residents of the Pacific northwest. Specifically, it looks at how individuals’ attitudes towards farmed and wild-caught fish differ and how buying patterns are shaped as a result. The findings show that participants consider fish to be a healthy choice and believe that the wild-caught variety is superior. Interestingly, beliefs among participants that aquaculture has environmental and health consequences did not predict specific consumption choices.

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