A Pattern of Abuse: Animal welfare violations in University of California laboratories, August 2010 – June 2013Submitted on Aug 30, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Animal Experimentation | General Animal Protection
This report by Los Angeles-based antivivisection group Progress For Science outlines violations of the federal Animal Welfare Act in laboratories at University of California schools between 2010 and 2013. A total of 28 confirmed violations of the act were uncovered on seven campuses during this three-year period. Violations included the failure to meet basic animal welfare protocols for animals such as cats, dogs, and monkeys.
This article explores the emotional world of rats, one of the most commonly used animals in research. The review touches on a variety of emotional experiences in rats, including their ability to suffer—a highly relevant experience given that they are used in invasive research and are often denied post-operative pain relief. The authors conclude that there is compelling evidence that rats are likely to experience a range of both positive and negative emotions and that any differential treatment they receive based on the hypothesis that they are limited in their emotional experience is unjustified.
In this article, the authors examine the reasons for discrepancies between promising animal studies in the area of spinal cord injuries and corresponding human clinical trials that showed unsatisfactory outcomes. Three major barriers to the extrapolation of research results of this kind from animals to humans are presented.
The Identification and Management of Pain, Suffering and Distress in Cephalopods, Including Anaesthesia, Analgesia...Submitted on Aug 16, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Animal Experimentation | General Animal Protection
This article offers insights and recommendations on the treatment of cephalopods (such as octopuses) who are used in research. A variety of welfare topics are addressed including assessing their pain and suffering, appropriate types of anesthesia and pain relief, and acceptable killing methods.
This report summarizes results from Year 6 of the Animal Tracker annual survey of U.S. adults regarding attitudes and behavior toward animals. The first survey (Year 1, 2008) included 16 questions; a subset of five of these questions was repeated in Year 3 (2010) and again in the current year (Year 6, 2013). In summary, the most recent survey finds that, while there is limited knowledge of animals other than companions, most people believe it is important to protect all animals. The perceived impact of animal advocates is modest, but most people hold favorable attitudes toward animal protection and support advocacy goals.
This paper brings into question the literature on animal studies and neurological disorders. The authors reviewed more than 4,000 studies on the topic and concluded that there was an excess of studies with statistically significant results, which suggests strong biases in the literature.
This article focuses on the use of animals for physician training. The author, a medical student, details his experience with a live dissection lab and his opposition in response. He argues that dissection is indefensible from both an ethical and scientific standpoint and offers insight into ways to counter this type of institution violence against animals.
The ability of animals to experience empathy has been a subject of interest for researchers, especially when it comes to non-human primates. This piece takes a new approach by reviewing recent studies on rodents’ ability to experience what scientists refer to as a primal form of empathy. Studies such as these that point to the complex emotional lives of animals help reinforce that they are “someone, not something.”
This opinion piece argues that while improving the treatment of animals in not on the radar of public health officials, it should be. The author points to the intersection between animal welfare and emerging infectious diseases, as well as two other less commonly acknowledged connections: 1) medical research (namely the poor predictability of animal testing), and 2) domestic violence (given its frequent connection to animal abuse). The author offers suggestions for improving public health strategies to take these concerns into account.
Primate chairs, which evoke strong feelings among animal advocates and others, are used by vivisectors to restrain non-human primates during experiments. This study looks at the outcome of efforts to train adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with these devices by using positive and negative reinforcement.
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