Research Tools and Methods
This article presents an overview of benefits of and techniques to reduce the number of animals used in animal testing for medical purposes, to improve living and test conditions when animals are used, and to remove animals entirely from testing processes. In vitro experimentation, computer analysis and modeling, and the replacement of mammals with "lower," non-mammalian species, insects, and microorganisms are discussed. The authors conclude that utilization of these alternatives can reduce the number of animals used in animal testing while producing dependable results.
Disease Control through Fertility Control: Secondary Benefits of Animal Birth Control in Indian Street DogsSubmitted on Jan 22, 2014 (Original item from 2014) Companion Animals | General Animal Protection | Research Tools and Methods
In this study, free-roaming sexually intact dogs in urban northwestern India were captured, tested for diseases, and assigned a body condition score. The results were compared across three cities with varying levels of animal birth control (ABC) programs. For 7 out of 10 conditions, including fight wounds, body condition, and diseases, there was a positive correlation between dog health and the presence of an ABC program, even for dogs who were sexually intact. The authors argue that ABC programs impact the entire dog population, as sterilization reduces mating-related fighting, population pressures and opportunities for disease transmission, benefiting wildlife and humans as well as dogs.
Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts with and Management of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in ArmeniaSubmitted on Jan 21, 2014 (Original item from 2013) General Animal Protection | Research Tools and Methods | Wildlife and Exotics
For her Masters thesis, the author performed a baseline study of human-bear and human-wolf conflicts in rural Armenia. In individual interviews and focus groups, participants from 23 rural villages were surveyed on their attitudes towards wolves and bears, frequency and type of conflict events, contributing factors, conflict mitigation strategies used, and current and proposed options for management of conflicts. While almost half of the participants expressed respect or concern for wolves and bears, slightly more than half felt frustrated by conflicts, and unable to adequately protect themselves or their property. Government management policies were not perceived as helpful. The author concluded that implementation of a community-based management program combined with education would empower residents while minimizing conflict-related killing of wolves and bears.
This article proposes a framework to perform rigorous, quantitative cost/benefit analysis of proposals to relocate plant and animal species threatened by climate change. The framework is consistent with the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s guidelines, and can be used to evaluate a single proposed relocation, to compare species as well as strategies or locations, and to focus future research by pinpointing areas where data is insufficient.
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This paper brings into question the literature on animal studies and neurological disorders. The authors reviewed more than 4,000 studies on the topic and concluded that there was an excess of studies with statistically significant results, which suggests strong biases in the literature.
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