Research Tools and Methods
This article proposes a framework to perform rigorous, quantitative cost/benefit analysis of proposals to relocate plant and animal species threatened by climate change. The framework is consistent with the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s guidelines, and can be used to evaluate a single proposed relocation, to compare species as well as strategies or locations, and to focus future research by pinpointing areas where data is insufficient.
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Statistics Without Borders provides entirely pro bono statistical help for data analysis, survey planning, and related activities and is interested in working with animal advocates and animal protection organizations. In addition to providing direct assistance (with both basic and advanced statistical analysis), SWB also trains individuals in statistics and statistical programming.
This paper brings into question the literature on animal studies and neurological disorders. The authors reviewed more than 4,000 studies on the topic and concluded that there was an excess of studies with statistically significant results, which suggests strong biases in the literature.
Primate chairs, which evoke strong feelings among animal advocates and others, are used by vivisectors to restrain non-human primates during experiments. This study looks at the outcome of efforts to train adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with these devices by using positive and negative reinforcement.
Some shelter dogs are enriched by the company of others, while less social individuals can find such interactions more stressful than enjoyable, particularly over time. This study examined the communication patterns of shelter dogs to uncover ways in which staff can limit problematic encounters. The author discusses how the findings can be used to advance the welfare of shelter dogs, particularly when exploring group housing and determining who will be the best penmates.
The study's authors administered a number of psychological scales—including the Attitudes to Animals Scale, Empathy to Animals Scale, and Belief in Animal Mind Questionnaire—in an effort to uncover what sociodemographic and psychological variables impact attitudes towards animals. The findings indicate that participants’ anthropomorphic beliefs, companion animal guardianship, gender, and ability to empathize with animals are significant predictors of attitudes towards animal. The authors indicate that important factors to consider in designing animal advocacy initiatives include individuals’ capacity to empathize with animals and their tendency to anthropomorphize certain animals.
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