Heat Stress: A Major Contributor to Poor Animal Welfare Associated with Long-Haul Live Export VoyagesSubmitted on Oct 15, 2013 (Original item from 2013) Farmed Animals | General Animal Protection
Australia is the world's largest exporter of sheep and cattle, exporting millions of animals to Asia and the Middle East each year, during which the animals are frequently subjected to severe heat stress. While the live export industry has generated a computer model that purports to assess the risk of heat stress, details of this model are not available for independent scientific scrutiny. This paper, authored by veterinarians, discusses ways of measuring heat stress and suggests that the industry model may not adequately protect animals from poor welfare.
Animals used for food differ substantially in their size and as such a greater number of smaller animals (e.g., chickens) are slaughtered for food than larger animals (e.g., cows). This article makes the case for why animal size is an important consideration in moral evaluations of killing animals for food, particularly from a utilitarian perspective.
HRC’s readability study uncovered that key vegan advocacy materials are written at a reading level beyond what the average U.S. adult can comprehend. In response, HRC recommended that vegan literature targeted toward the general population be written at a 7th or 8th grade level. Following this recommendation, the Animal Rights Coalition redesigned their speciesism brochure to ensure its important message was easily understood.
This paper reviews farmed animal welfare issues from a scientific perspective and considers ways in which they can be addressed, based on findings from existing research.
This paper discusses the environmental and human health impacts of the global increase in consumption of animal products and the associated intensification of livestock farming practices. The paper is authored by four physicians and highlights the role that healthcare professionals can play in promoting healthier diets and reversing the trend towards greater livestock production.
The perceived benefits and barriers to the adoption of a plant-based diet (characterized by a high prevalence of fresh/minimally processed plant foods and a decreased consumption of meat, eggs, and dairy) were explored in this study. The results showed the main barrier was a lack of information about the diet, while the main benefit was health-related. The authors also found demographic differences in the perception of the pros and cons of consuming such a diet.
The Ghosts In Our Machine is a film constructed around photographer Jo-Anne McArthur, whose work captures the human-made dilemma in which animals find themselves. The documentary follows Jo-Anne in her work as a photojournalist as well as in the process of putting together her first book. This review examines the qualities that might make this film a useful tool for animal advocacy.
Differences in nutrient intake between nonvegetarians and vegetarians (semi-vegetarians, pesco vegetarians, lacto-ovo vegetarians, and strict vegetarians) were examined in this study using a food frequency questionnaire. The results showed that nutrient intake varied noticeably among the dietary patterns in a variety of ways (intake of beta carotene, fatty acids, fiber, magnesium, and plant proteins, as well as energy intake and BMI).
Consumer market research group Mintel conducted a study on the use of meat alternatives in the U.S. in 2013. Topics covered include: market size and growth, motives for consumption, leading brands and types of alternatives, consumption patterns, and demographics. Advocates will find a wealth of information in this report that may be useful in tailoring materials to both prospective vegetarians and meat reducers.
Attitudes towards the welfare of farmed fish and perceptions of their mental abilities are explored in this study. The results showed that the welfare of farmed fish was not of significant concern to study participants and that fish tended to be viewed more negatively among younger and urban demographics. The authors conclude that in order to improve awareness about the plight of fish, it is necessary to increase the availability of scientific literature on the topic.
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