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Farmed Animals

 

Size Matters: Animal Size, Contributory Causation, and Ethical Vegetarianism

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Animals used for food differ substantially in their size and as such a greater number of smaller animals (e.g., chickens) are slaughtered for food than larger animals (e.g., cows). This article makes the case for why animal size is an important consideration in moral evaluations of killing animals for food, particularly from a utilitarian perspective.




HRC’s Readability Study in Use in the Movement

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HRC’s readability study uncovered that key vegan advocacy materials are written at a reading level beyond what the average U.S. adult can comprehend. In response, HRC recommended that vegan literature targeted toward the general population be written at a 7th or 8th grade level. Following this recommendation, the Animal Rights Coalition redesigned their speciesism brochure to ensure its important message was easily understood.



Animal Welfare: An Animal Science Approach

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This paper reviews farmed animal welfare issues from a scientific perspective and considers ways in which they can be addressed, based on findings from existing research.






Health Professionals’ Roles in Animal Agriculture, Climate Change, and Human Health

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This paper discusses the environmental and human health impacts of the global increase in consumption of animal products and the associated intensification of livestock farming practices. The paper is authored by four physicians and highlights the role that healthcare professionals can play in promoting healthier diets and reversing the trend towards greater livestock production.



Public Views of the Benefits and Barriers to the Consumption of a Plant-Based Diet

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The perceived benefits and barriers to the adoption of a plant-based diet (characterized by a high prevalence of fresh/minimally processed plant foods and a decreased consumption of meat, eggs, and dairy) were explored in this study. The results showed the main barrier was a lack of information about the diet, while the main benefit was health-related. The authors also found demographic differences in the perception of the pros and cons of consuming such a diet.


The Ghosts In Our Machine as a Tool for Advocacy

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The Ghosts In Our Machine is a film constructed around photographer Jo-Anne McArthur, whose work captures the human-made dilemma in which animals find themselves. The documentary follows Jo-Anne in her work as a photojournalist as well as in the process of putting together her first book. This review examines the qualities that might make this film a useful tool for animal advocacy.



Nutrient Profiles of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Dietary Patterns

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Differences in nutrient intake between nonvegetarians and vegetarians (semi-vegetarians, pesco vegetarians, lacto-ovo vegetarians, and strict vegetarians) were examined in this study using a food frequency questionnaire. The results showed that nutrient intake varied noticeably among the dietary patterns in a variety of ways (intake of beta carotene, fatty acids, fiber, magnesium, and plant proteins, as well as energy intake and BMI).



Meat Alternatives - US - June 2013

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Consumer market research group Mintel conducted a study on the use of meat alternatives in the U.S. in 2013. Topics covered include: market size and growth, motives for consumption, leading brands and types of alternatives, consumption patterns, and demographics. Advocates will find a wealth of information in this report that may be useful in tailoring materials to both prospective vegetarians and meat reducers.



Who Cares about Farmed Fish? Citizen Perceptions of the Welfare and the Mental Abilities of Fish

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Attitudes towards the welfare of farmed fish and perceptions of their mental abilities are explored in this study. The results showed that the welfare of farmed fish was not of significant concern to study participants and that fish tended to be viewed more negatively among younger and urban demographics. The authors conclude that in order to improve awareness about the plight of fish, it is necessary to increase the availability of scientific literature on the topic.


Feminism and Husbandry: Drawing the Fine Line Between Mine and Bovine

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This essay looks at the connection between the sexual abuse of dairy cows on factory farms and rape inflicted on women. The author explains why feminists largely ignore this link and argues that they should instead adopt the ecofeminist approach of drawing parallels between the exploitation of women and animals.




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