Researchers estimated the levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Sweden based on production levels and meat consumption levels in 1990 and 2005. Between 1990 and 2005 there was a reduction of GHG emissions due to decreased production with a simultaneous increase in GHG emissions due to increased meat consumption, largely from imports.
This report finds that in 2011 almost 65% of the world's eggs were produced in only 10 countries, with the U.S. and China the main producers. Further, egg production is increasing globally, with the largest increases in Asia, which saw almost a 159% increase in production between 1990 and 2008. This means that animal advocates may want to focus efforts for farm animal welfare and reform in areas where egg production is concentrated.
The RSPCA surveyed British hospitals regarding the sources of the food that comes from animals. The survey found that overall they serve animal products from animals that were reared and slaughtered with low welfare standards. The welfare standards in hospitals were found to be lower than in British grocery stores, with half of all eggs in the country produced cage-free, but 71% of eggs in hospitals from caged hens.
This survey conducted in Oakland, California examines attitudes toward the practice of keeping and slaughtering animals in backyards/ residences. The survey was conducted in two Oakland districts-one and three. A majority of those surveyed oppose backyard slaughter (52% in district one and 55% in district 3). The survey also asked which city council candidates residents supported.
In response to 2012 legislation requiring higher welfare standards for egg laying hens, the European Union of wholesale eggs, egg products, poultry and game (EUWEP) commissioned a report to determine the competitiveness of the European egg industry, particularly in light of proposed reductions in import tariffs. Fifteen percent of EU egg producers' costs are spent meeting EU legislation, an increase of over 6% from prior to the 2012 legislation. The cost of production in the US is 25% lower while it is 28% lower in Argentina, though the cost of importing leaves these eggs uncompetitive in the EU. However, if import tariffs are lower, eggs, and in particular egg powder, from countries closer to Europe will be more competitive and cost less than eggs produced in the EU.
This study examines the experience of animal caregivers to determine the emotional consequences and other outcomes from their work and how this compares to people working in human-centered caregiving fields. The study finds that "burnout" is due to a variety of causes but high workload is a key factor. However, unlike with human caregivers, animal caregivers generally believe in the mission of the organizations they work for and this helps buffer the negative effects of their work. The study concludes that one-fifth of animal caregivers show signs of vulnerability to stress and can benefit from support services.
This article explains the difference between per capita meat consumption and meat demand. Meat demand takes into account meat consumption relative to the cost of meat. The author finds that both the consumption of and the demand for meat have been declining in the US since 2006.
Official health records in Bursa, Turkey were analyzed to determine the number of treated animal bites from 2004-2005. In all there were 1,715 people treated for 1,778 animal bites, which comprised .2% of hospital visits. Animal bites can be a human health concern. For this reason, animal advocates can use this study to to tie together the need for better spay/neuter and other animal protection issues with public health concerns.
This report provides a detailed listing of animal protection laws in each Canadian jurisdiction. The laws are evaluated and scored so that the strength of animal protection laws can be compared across jurisdictions. Manitoba, British Columbia, Ontario, and Nova Scotia ranked in the top tier while Prince Edward Island, Northwest Territories, Quebec, and Nunavut ranked in the lowest tier.
A recent issue of BEEF Daily, an industry e-newsletter, characterized vegan and vegetarian advocates as hindering the meat industry's ability to "feed a growing population.” The rhetorical question of “How do we feed a growing population?” (the implied answer being “more intensive meat production”) has become an industry talking point. In fact, contemporary agriculture and meat production are anathema to a well-fed world. However, the common relationship between meat and world hunger is not as simple as some activists may think. To garner a better understanding of why this is the case, it is important to understand that industrial agriculture--whether specifically for animal products or not--is invested in profit above all else.
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