Households' Willingness-to-Pay for Improved Fish Welfare in Breeding Programs for Farmed Atlantic SalmonSubmitted on Nov 20, 2012 (Original item from 2013) Farmed Animals | General Animal Protection
This study reports on findings from a survey of Norwegian adults regarding their willingness to pay (WTP), in the form of an earmarked tax, for salmon farmed with higher welfare standards. Families that purchased farmed fish had a higher WTP for improved welfare standards. Across all Norwegian households there was a WTP for disease resistance and elimination of lice on salmon. Among families purchasing farmed fish there was also a WTP for reducing deformities and injuries.
Doing our part for the economy, HRC is currently seeking an experienced researcher, writer, and support person to work part-time for our organization. The position requires a commitment of 25-30 hours per week, on average, and offers a flexible schedule. The ideal candidate will have experience with both research (i.e., survey design, analysis, etc.) and animal protection issues. The newly created Research/Communications Coordinator position will support HRC's broader objectives by maintaining our HumaneSpot.org research database and other resources. See the full job description and please forward to people who might be interested!
This report summarizes trends in the global production and consumption of meat products. While meat consumption continues at a high level, its rate of increase slowed in 2011, increasing just under a percentage point, compared to 2.6% in 2010. Meat consumption also decreased in 2011. The authors point to drought and an increase of zoonotic diseases associate with concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs).
A report from the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service evaluated the availability of local slaughter facilities, which accommodate the growing but still relatively small demand for locally sourced meat products. That demand is fueled in part by concern about animal welfare in large-scale factory-type settings, but such systems might not be viable solutions.
This report summarizes the current use of antibiotics in agriculture and the current and potential risks that this poses. Samples of meat sold in US grocery stores in 2012 were examined for the presence of antibiotic resistant (AR) bacteria. AR bacteria was found in all types of meat; further, the pathogen E. coli was common among the samples. The report argues that antibiotic use in agriculture presents a human health issue and proposes solutions such as having Congress pass the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act and banning the use of antibiotics in farm animals that do not have any current need for them.
This survey of US consumers examines consumer willingness to pay for various types of food products including natural and preservative free food and antibiotic free and humanely labeled animal products. When it comes to meat, near one-third of consumers would pay more for antibiotic or hormone free meat and nearly one-quarter would pay for humanely labeled meat.
This paper describes Welfare Quality®, an attempt to standardize farm animal welfare standards at and prior to slaughter. According to the authors, the measures of welfare are focused on the animals' well being. There are 12 standards proposed: absence of prolonged hunger; absence of prolonged thirst; comfort around resting; thermal comfort; ease of movement; absence of injuries; absence of disease Sick animals, dead animals; absence of pain induced by management procedures; stunning effectiveness; expression of social behaviors; expression of other behaviors; good human–animal relationship; high pitched vocalizations; positive emotional state.
This study examines the history of laws applicable to kangaroos in Australia. The authors argue that the classification of kangaroos as "pests" has dictated policy surrounding kangaroos. As public perception of kangaroos changed over time, and fewer people viewed them as pests, laws and policies changed as well. However, there are some contradictions in recent policies and legislation--as focus has turned to protection of kangaroos there are policies to protect them at the same time that the entrenched notion of kangaroos as pests has allowed for the killing of kangaroos to be commercialized.
This paper examines the current state of fisheries in Alaska and challenges the predominant claim that they are sustainable. The author reviews how fisheries cause food insecurity and are harmful to native Alaskan populations. They are still touted as successful and sustainable, the author argues, because of an underlying ideology and ecological models that place human development above other species and nature.
At HRC, we always emphasize the need to research the efficacy of outreach tactics and messages and we’ve helped dozens of animal organizations do just that. While animal advocates spend a lot of time debating which outreach methods are most successful, these discussions are often fueled by opinion and anecdote rather than evidence. One such debate is over vegetarian/vegan (“veg”) outreach videos. Should they focus on health, the environment or ethics? Should they show graphic images? Should they encourage veganism only or focus on meat reduction?
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